During the Quaternary period of Earth history, enormous ice sheets sculpted the impressive ice age landscapes that form the core of Geopark West Jutland. These landscapes mark the final period when the Earth was in a deep freezer and when the Scandinavian Ice Sheet extended from the mountains of Norway down to Denmark. In addition to the ice age landscapes there is a series of other landforms that developed after the end of the ice age by rivers and coastal processes, as well as by the powerful westerly winds that characterize the west coast of Denmark. There are also remains of older geological deposits from the Tertiary and the Quaternary in some of the cliffs.
The unique glacial landscape in western Jutland was mapped over 100 years ago by the geologist N.V. Ussing who identified, amongst other features, the Main Stationary Line as a marked boundary in the landscape between a hilly glacial landscape and flat outwash plains.
This landscape developed as a result of repeated ice ages that each contributed to its formation. It was, however, during the last ice age – the Main Advance that took place 23.000 - 21.000 years ago when the ice reached its maximum extent – that most of the landscape in Geopark West Jutland was formed.
You can read more starting on page 7 in Annex 2 of the application and you can explore the 48 selected geosites in this webpage.