The prominent ridges were formed as a terminal moraine as a consequence of a glacial re-advance after formation of the MSL at a time when the land in front of terminal moraine was ice-free or affected by dead ice. The northern flank of the ridge is cut by several deep valleys that extend north-south from the top of the ridge down to Nissum Bredning (Figure 7-4). These valleys were formed by flowing water after the ice had melted. On the coast at Kappel at the northern end of the locality there are cliffs that are subjected to active erosion. There are large landslips in the cliffs that are due to the presence of plastic meltwater clay that was probably formed towards the end of the Elsterian glaciation. The Kabbel area has been preserved because of its value as a landscape.
Nature Conservancy Law § 3 (protected types of nature) and the beach protection line are important in this area. Nørre Nissum Church and two prehistoric sites have been preserved. The uneven nature of the terrain north of the terminal moraine makes cultivation of large areas rather difficult. This has led to the development of individual small farms. There are, however, extensive grassy areas that are owned by two large farms based on horse breeding and horse-trading.