The Apse – a Place of Wisdom
The 7 columns and the stylish four leaved clover shaped windows are no doubt very symbolic, whose background lies in the theological thinking that developed in the 1100s. We should perhaps interpret the role of the 7 columns in the light of an excerpt from the Old Testament “Wisdom has built her house; she has set up its seven pillars” (Proverbs 9, 1). This is interpreted to mean that Christ should not only be considered to the represent the issue and power of God, but also represent His great wisdom. There is considerable symbolism associated with the number 7. It is the sum of 3 (the Trinity) + 4 which is the symbolic number for the world and mankind. The number 4 is also the number of the ancient elements (earth, wind, fire and water), the four corners of the world, the four evangelists (Matthew, Mark, Luke and John) etc.