Stones Transported by Glaciers
The wall of the churchyard is built of large stones that were left over from the construction of the church itself. There were plenty of boulders in the surrounding landscape. There are many rejected stones with traces of the splitting technique that was used. In the cemetery there is a finished ashlar stone that reveals that the stones used were rounded and transported to the area by glaciers. Only one side of the ashlar stones was planed off, and the sides were adjusted by hammer and chisel; the back side of the ashlar stones remained rounded. The fact that the back side of the ashlar stones is rounded has resulted in many of the church walls bulging outwards. Most of these walls have consequently been taken down and rebuilt, commonly more than once. The walls of the Norman ashlar churches were built as roughly 1 m-thick “box walls” where the inner side consists of small, raw fieldstones and the outer side of treated ashlar stones. The gap between these two walls was filled with stone fragments mixed with mortar.